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Table of contents
The Varangian guard and its contribution to the manifestation of the imperial power in Byzantium
Instances of kingship in Sverris saga
The entry of the boyars
Approaching the past: a tangled interplay of memory, political choices and historical science
My file
Between truth and memory images in Lithuanian historical documentaries in post-communist transformation period
Questions of transnational cinema: the Baltic case from culture to branding
World War II in Baltic and Nordic social media
Reading the facades. Architexture of Kaliningrad city
The Baltic Sea and the Black Sea: security challenges and vulnerabilities after the Cold War
Representations of suppressed indigenous cultural memories
Women in the Latvian War of Independence 1918 - 1920
Authors

 

T

HE BALTIC SEA AND THE BLACK SEA: SECURITY CHALLENGES AND VULNERABILITIES AFTER THE COLD WAR

 

Mihai Sebastian Chihaia

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Ia?i, E-mail: mihai.seb.chihaia@gmail.com

 

 

Acknowledgements

This paper was presented at the Sixth international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania, Historical memory, the politics of memory and cultural identity: Romania, Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea Region in comparison, hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, Faculty of History and Political Sciences of Ovidius University of Constan?a and International Summer School of The University of Oslo, Norway, May 22-23, 2015. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway, The EEA Fund for Bilateral Relations, contract no. 910/20.03.2015.

 

Abstract:

After the end of the Cold War and the disintegration of the USSR, the international system changed, becoming a unipolar one. Not only did this fact bring a diffusion of power and the reaffirmation of smaller actors/regional powers, the enlargement of several international organizations such as NATO and the EU, but also prompted regional transition and integration.

This paper will focus on two regions that are fundamental in the security environment of Europe and its neighborhood: the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea. Both areas suffered important changes after 1990. Furthermore, the areas mentioned have been a rendezvous point for several elements such as the shifting balance of power, political ambitions of smaller states, transit point for global trade routes (Scandinavia, Baltics and the Black Sea) and energy security issues.

The article will take into account the concerns of the actors, outlining their security challenges and vulnerabilities as well as identifying similarities between countries from the two regions addressed. The comparison will further address the issues the regions faced after the end of the Cold War such as the emergence of new countries, political and economic transition with emphasis on cooperation initiatives and integration in NATO and EU. The main aim of the article will be to frame the similarities and differences of the political and security environment of the two regions.

The structure of the paper goes as follows. I will start by laying out a theoretical framework centred upon the concept of security and what it involves and after that I will introduce and define the two regions discussed in the article, the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea areas and outline the context each of them faced after the end of the Cold War. The next section will address the threats to the stability of the regions, creating the frame for the last part of the article which will make a comparison between the Baltic and the Black Sea areas.      

 

Rezumat:

Sfâr?itul Războiului Rece ?i dezintegrarea Uniunii Sovietice au marcat  transformarea sistemului interna?ional de la bipolar la unipolar. Această transformare a dus la o reafirmare a puterilor regionale pe scena interna?ională, la extinderea organiza?iilor interna?ionale ?i a marcat începutul unui proces de tranzi?ie ?i integrare regională.

Acest articol se axează pe două regiuni deosebit de importante pentru mediul de securitate european, care au suferit transformări importante după 1990: Marea  Neagră ?i Marea Baltică. Mai mult, acestea reprezintă un punct de întâlnire pentru mai mul?i factori cum ar fi balan?a puterii, ambi?iile politice ale statelor mai mici, rutele globale comerciale ?i chestiuni din sfera securită?ii energetice.

Lucrarea va puncta provocările la adresa securită?ii ?i vulnerabilită?ile existente, scopul fiind realizarea unei compara?ii între cele două regiuni. Compara?ia va aduce în discu?ie aspectele cu care s-au confruntat cele două regiuni la sfâr?itul Războiului Rece, ?i anume emergen?a noilor actori, tranzi?ia politică ?i economică, ini?iativele de cooperare regională ?i integrarea în organiza?ii precum NATO ?i Uniunea Europeană. Principalul scop al lucrării este acela de a scoate în eviden?ă asemănările ?i deosebirile mediului de securitate din cele două regiuni.

Articolul va debuta cu o parte teoretică centrată pe no?iunea de securitate, următoarea parte introducând cele două regiuni discutate ?i contextul existent după 1990. Demersul va urmări ulterior punerea în eviden?ă a provocărilor ?i vulnerabilită?ilor existente, pentru ca partea de final a lucrării să acopere similarită?ile ?i diferen?ele existente.

 

Keywords: regional security, Black Sea region, threats, Baltic Sea region, regional cooperation


13. Chihaia.pdf

News / Actualitati

Call for papers

Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

Read more


Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here


10.03.2016

INTENSIVE LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE
Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
During the courses various cultural program are planned: excursions in Lithuania, degustation of traditional Lithuanian dishes, ethno cultural events, visiting some museums, creative workshops with famous Lithuanian artists.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE FOR CHILDREN
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
Certificate: at the end of the course every participant will get the LINGUA LITUANICA certificate.
Classes take place in small groups.
On Saturdays it is possible to go to excursions with parents.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuanian-language…/kursai-vaikams-1/
Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: info@lingualit.lt or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.

7 octombrie 2015

A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.

Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1